Though human rights today assume great significance and necessity and though violations of human rights and unlawful acts are denounced even beyond the frontiers of the countries where these occur, the performance in the path of protecting and safeguarding human rights has, nevertheless, not been encouraging in India and it has acquired only a theoretical legitimacy. Indian Constitution guarantees inalienable human rights to its citizens; these rights are not fully enforced by Indian Government while dealing with internal conflicts, agitations, political unrest and terrorism.

The growing lawlessness among the State agencies and failure of the justice delivery system has deprived many people of their basic human rights. Violations of human rights by the State have become an order of the day. Scant regard is shown by the State or its agents to the judgments of the Supreme Court or High Courts. It would not be gainsaying the fact that the society has been put to great jeopardy. It has been found that most of the cases of human rights violations go unreported and un redressed due to lack of education and awareness among the people about their rights and the redressal mechanism from where they can get redressal. Helpless people very often choose to compromise with their sufferings with no ray of hope in sight. State sponsored human rights commissions have awfully failed to fulfill the aspirations of the people and have turned to be white elephants consuming millions of rupees with no power and intention to help the victims. Under these impending circumstances, there is a paramount need and an onerous responsibility upon voluntary non-governmental organizations to educate the masses about their rights and means to seek redressal of their grievances. NACF is working with different organizations and departments to protect the rights of the common man.

What are Human Rights?

‘Human rights’ are the natural rights by virtue of which a human being lives his daily life. These are those minimal rights which every individual must have, irrespective of any other consideration. In sum and substance, human rights are inherent in nature and without which we cannot live as human beings. Human rights are fundamental freedoms that allow us to fully develop, our intelligence, our dealings and to satisfy our spiritual and other things. These are also called universal moral rights that do not have to be earned, bought or inherited. People are equally entitled to them regardless of their sex, race, color, language class or religious or political beliefs. Human Rights means the rights relating to life, liberty, equality and dignity of the individual guaranteed by the Constitution or embodied in the International Covenants and enforceable by courts in India.(Section 2(1)(d) of the Protection of Human Rights Act,1993).

Human Rights include:
  1. Right to earn livelihood;
  2. Right to live in safe environment;
  3. Right to freedom of expression;
  4. Right to Protection against exploitation;
  5. Right to Protection against degrading treatment;
  6. Right to free legal aid;

In addition to these, there are certain inalienable rights connected with certain necessities of life like food, water, shelter, basic for sustaining life and saving it from hunger and destitution, disease and despair and without which one cannot live. There are also certain fundamental values and freedoms without which it would not be worth living. These rights can play a significant role in the empowerment of the improvised. The oppressed can become more self reliant through an understanding of their rights. Awareness of human rights also play an important role in securing the accountability of those who wield power and control resources essential to the satisfaction of basic human needs.